Electronic Keyboards – Their History and Development

The appellation “electronic keyboard” refers to any apparatus that produces complete by the acute or arresting of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the conception of that sound. The use of an cyberbanking keyboard to aftermath music follows an assured evolutionary band from the actual aboriginal agreeable keyboard instruments, the aqueduct organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The aqueduct agency is the oldest of these, initially developed by the Romans in the 3rd aeon B.C., and alleged the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced complete by banishment air through reed pipes, and was powered by agency of a chiral baptize pump or a accustomed baptize antecedent such as a waterfall.

From it’s aboriginal actualization in age-old Rome until the 14th century, the agency remained the alone keyboard instrument. It generally did not affection a keyboard at all, instead utilizing ample levers or buttons that were operated by application the accomplished hand.Temperature Alarm Clock

The consecutive actualization of the clavichord and harpsichord in the 1300’s was accelerated by the acclimation of the 12-tone keyboard of white accustomed keys and atramentous sharp/flat keys begin in all keyboard instruments of today. The acceptance of the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed by the development and boundless acceptance of the piano in the 18th century.Indoor Clock The piano was a advocate advance in acoustic agreeable keyboards because a pianist could alter the aggregate (or dynamics) of the complete the apparatus produced by capricious the force with which anniversary key was struck.

The actualization of cyberbanking complete technology in the 18th aeon was the next capital footfall in the development of the avant-garde cyberbanking keyboard. The aboriginal electrified agreeable apparatus was anticipation to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. This was anon followed by the “clavecin electrique” invented by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde about 1760. The above apparatus consisted of over 700 strings briefly electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The after was a keyboard apparatus featuring plectra, or picks, that were activated electrically.

While getting electrified, neither the Denis d’or or the clavecin acclimated electricity as a complete source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an apparatus alleged the “musical telegraph.,” which was, essentially, the actual aboriginal analog cyberbanking synthesizer. Gray apparent that he could ascendancy complete from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and so invented a basal individual agenda oscillator. His agreeable telegraph created sounds from the electromagnetic cadence of animate reeds and transmitted them over a blast line. Grey went on to absorb a simple loudspeaker into his after models which consisted of a diaphragm cavernous in a alluring field, authoritative the accent oscillator audible.

Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was the next above contributor to the development of the cyberbanking keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode cyberbanking valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the aboriginal thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest congenital the aboriginal exhaustion tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The exhaustion tube became an capital basic of cyberbanking instruments for the next 50 years until the actualization and boundless acceptance of transistor technology.

The decade of the 1920’s brought a affluence of new cyberbanking instruments assimilate the arena including the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.

The next above advance in the history of cyberbanking keyboards came in 1935 with the addition of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the aboriginal cyberbanking apparatus able of bearing polyphonic sounds, and remained so until the apparatus of the Chamberlin Music Maker, and the Mellotron in the backward 1940’s and aboriginal 1950’s. The Chamberlin and the Mellotron were the aboriginal anytime sample-playback keyboards advised for authoritative music.

The cyberbanking piano fabricated it’s aboriginal actualization in the 1940’s with the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This was a three and a bisected octave apparatus fabricated from 1946 until 1948 that came able with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their aboriginal electric piano, “The 100.”

The acceleration of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave a able advance to the change of the cyberbanking agreeable keyboards we accept today. The aboriginal synthesizers were acutely large, bulky machines acclimated alone in recording studios. The abstruse advancements and admeasurement of miniaturized solid accompaniment apparatus anon accustomed the assembly of synthesizers that were self-contained, carriageable instruments able of getting acclimated in reside performances.

This began in 1964 if Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not absolutely an cyberbanking keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer with a congenital keyboard, and this apparatus added affiliated the architecture of cyberbanking agreeable keyboards.

Most aboriginal analog synthesizers, such as the Minimoog and the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, able of bearing alone one accent at a time. A few, such as the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, and the Moog Sonic Six, could aftermath two altered tones at already if two keys were pressed. True accord (the assembly of assorted accompanying tones which acquiesce for the arena of chords) was alone obtainable, at first, application cyberbanking agency designs. There were a amount of cyberbanking keyboards produced which accumulated agency circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, and the ARP Omni.

By 1976, added architecture advancements had accustomed the actualization of polyphonic synthesizers such as the Oberheim Four-Voice, and the Yamaha alternation CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The aboriginal absolutely applied polyphonic synth, alien in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This apparatus was the aboriginal to use a chip as a controller, and aswell accustomed all bulge settings to be adored in computer anamnesis and recalled by artlessly blame a button. The Prophet-5’s architecture anon became the new accepted in the cyberbanking keyboards industry.

The acceptance of Agreeable Instrumental Agenda Interface (MIDI) as the accepted for agenda cipher manual (allowing cyberbanking keyboards to be affiliated into computers and added accessories for ascribe and programming), and the advancing agenda abstruse anarchy accept produced amazing advancements in all aspects of cyberbanking keyboard design, construction, function, complete quality, and cost. Today’s manufactures, such as Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are now bearing an affluence of well-built, lightweight, versatile, abundant sounding, and affordable cyberbanking keyboard agreeable instruments and will abide to do so able-bodied into the accountable future.

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